Coronary Artery Disease

Coro­nary artery dis­ease (CAD) is the most com­mon type of heart dis­ease. CAD is caused by plaque buildup in the wall of the arter­ies that sup­ply blood to the heart. This caus­es the arter­ies to become hard­ened and nar­row which, over time, can weak­en the heart mus­cle. You may not know you have coro­nary artery dis­ease since you may not have symp­toms at first. The buildup of plaque in your arter­ies hap­pens slow­ly over many years. But as your arter­ies nar­row, you may notice mild symp­toms. The most com­mon symp­toms are chest pain or short­ness of breath. Some peo­ple may not know they have CAD until they have a heart attack. You can have an increased risk for CAD if you have high blood pres­sure, high cho­les­terol, dia­betes, a fam­i­ly his­to­ry of CAD, smoke or are overweight.