Although urinary tract infections are generally not medical emergencies, their frequency and importance warrants some discussion. Symptoms can include frequent urination, urgency (feeling that one needs to relieve himself, but cannot), itching or burning with urination, lower abdominal pain or backache in the flank area. However, some children may exhibit no signs of a urinary tract infection while having one. Because of this, it is important to check a urine specimen on any child where the diagnosis of his or her problem is not clear.
Urinary tract infections are more common in females than males. Bubble bath should not be used in a child’s bath because it may cause irritation and a subsequent infection. Children should be encouraged to urinate when necessary, and not to hold their urine for prolonged periods. Medication and close follow-ups are necessary with a confirmed diagnosis of a urinary tract infection. It is a good policy to observe the urine of all children periodically. The urine should be crystal-clear to lemon-yellow in color. Boys should have a good strong and straight urinary stream. Dribbling, incontinence, a poor urine stream or cloudy or bloody urine should be called to your physician’s attention at once.