Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is a skin cancer that arises from basal cells. Basal cells are found in the lower layers of the skin. The prognosis for patients with BCC is excellent, but if the lesion is left untreated, it can cause significant disease progression. BCC occurs primarily on the face, head, scalp, neck, and hands.
Basal Cell Carcinoma can include the following characteristics:
- Waxy appearance
- Pearly appearance
- Erosion or ulceration — often in the center with pigmentation
- Bleeding — especially when traumatized
- Oozing or crusted areas — especially in large BCCs
- Rolled (raised) border
- Slow growing: 0.5 cm in 1 – 2 years
Patients with a history of skin cancer should have regular full-body skin exams performed by their Dermatologist, and all patients should perform monthly self examinations.