The pelvic floor consists of several layers of muscles that cover the bottom of the pelvic cavity. They form a “hammock” so to speak and sling from the pubic bone in the front, all the way to the tailbone in the back.
These muscles have 3 distinct roles:
- To support the pelvic organs (bladder, uterus, and rectum/colon) within the pelvis.
- To assist in stopping and starting the flow of urine or the passage of gas or stool.
- To aid in sexual appreciation.
Reasons to Strengthen Your Pelvic Floor
Strong pelvic floor muscles are vital to a woman’s health and sense of well-being. The child-bearing years can take a toll on these muscles. Entering menopause can also cause some changes, which may affect the strength in the pelvic floor muscles.
- If the pelvic floor muscles become weakened they will not do a good job of supporting the pelvic organs and the organs themselves may start to drop down in the vaginal canal (prolapse).
- They need to be strong when we cough, laugh, sneeze, etc. so that they can contract and tighten so no urine or bowel contents leak out.
- Weak, stretched out muscles may not respond as well sexually and it might be more difficult for a woman to orgasm.