Adrenal glands produce hormones that regulate the immune system, blood pressure and the stress response. Adrenal disorders can be detected through blood work.
Addison’s disease — Occurs when your body doesn’t produce enough of aldosterone and cortisol. Your immune system begins to attack the adrenal gland which is in charge of producing both hormones.
Adrenal nodules/tumors — Many adrenal tumors are found accidentally on imaging done for other conditions. Most do not produce symptoms.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) - CAH is an inherited genetic disorder caused by a mutation in the enzyme 21-hydroxylas gene. Screening for CAH occurs once a baby is born but can also be found later in life.
Cushing’s syndrome — This disease is known for its symptoms of a rounded face, purple stretch marks and easy bruising. It can be caused by a tumor in the pituitary or adrenal gland or from taking high doses of steroids.
Hyperaldosteronism — Occurs when the adrenal gland overproduces aldosterone and impacts your sodium and potassium levels. Hyperaldosteronism is also a common cause of high blood pressure. Surgery and medication are often used to treat hyperaldosteronism.
Pheochromocytoma — A tumor that occurs in the adrenal gland that releases hormones that can cause symptoms such as a headache and difficult to control blood pressure. Your provider may recommend surgery to remove the rare tumor.